Is important researching the relation between obesogenicity with the space of the cities? How reasons do you give to assess this issue?

Several authors, such as Downs et al. (2020), Mendes et al. (2022); Recine et al.(2022), and Story et al. (2008) address obesity as part of the pandemic frameworks that make up the global obesity/malnutrition syndemic, aggravated by climate change caused by anthropogenic causes. This framework is structured to characterize, then, biological, social and economic interactions of the population, directing to different comorbidities frameworks. Those authors, however, point out that the concept of syndemic does not refer only to comorbidity, but encompasses the result of interactions between multiple and complex variables that result in an unfavorable urban health situation and a higher Health Vulnerability Index (which is constituted of 16 indicators, considering the dimension of urban infrastructure, human capital and income and work (IPEA, 2022)).
As a result, it is observed, for example, that most studies in the area of ​​Architecture and Urbanism and Urban Health tend to investigate urban characteristics, urban metrics and perceptive studies, and their relationships with people's behavior in prioritizing the use of more active modes of transport. However, the focus of this article expands the approach to the investigation of dynamics that can be associated with the urban food system, and that can be understood as a set of elements and activities associated with the production, processing, distribution, preparation and consumption of food, considering , among other aspects, the environment, processes, institutions, people, input and infrastructure (DOWNS et al., 2020; GLANZ et al., 2005; RECINE, BRITO, 2022).
Environmental health Public health
Rafia Azmat
Obesity is related to hormonal disorders, too, linked with junk, processed food,  fried chips,  meat, and burgers and the use of plastic containers given by food shops in big cities. 
The research in big cities should be taken into consideration and developed awareness among the people.  

Rolf Teschke
Fighting against obesity needs more stringent approaches at sites of fast food production and consumptioni including informatiom in schools. 
Obesogenicity refers to the environmental factors that promote obesity, such as the availability of unhealthy food options, lack of access to physical activity opportunities, and the prevalence of sedentary behaviors. The built environment, including the design of streets, buildings, parks, and public spaces, can contribute to the obesogenicity of a neighborhood or city.
Research has shown that urban sprawl, characterized by low-density development and automobile dependence, can contribute to obesogenicity by limiting opportunities for physical activity and increasing reliance on cars, which can discourage walking and cycling. In contrast, compact, walkable neighborhoods with good access to public transportation and parks have been associated with lower rates of obesity and higher levels of physical activity.
Researching the relation between obesogenicity and the space of the cities is important for understanding how the built environment can shape individual behaviors and contribute to the prevalence of obesity. Such research can inform policies and interventions that promote healthy behaviors and reduce the risk of obesity in urban populations.
Azevedo,Luís Peres
The consumption of industrialized food  with packs ready to quickly eating , generates a low discharge of energy . The process of manipulation of  food, processing then like vegetables, meat and bread , generates a  higher  comsumption of energy. Other factors, like aditives for conservation and contamination with plastics can possibly contribute to obesity in the modern cities.

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